Pandemic Pet Therapy: What’s So Special About A Critter Friend?

Karen McCullough never wanted a dog. «It would have tied me down, and I had a great, very busy life,» she says.

Her career as a keynote speaker at conferences has taken her across the U.S., Canada and Mexico. «My job is to get everybody engaged, excited and ready to network,» she says.

McCullough loved the travel — «cool hotels and not worrying about having anything at home,» she says. «I don’t even have any live plants in the house.» As she sailed into 2020, she expected her best year yet.

Then «BOOM» — everything stopped, including conventions and conferences. The pandemic «took my life away,» she says.

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Karen McCullough found a way to alleviate the loneliness that was starting to sink in. «Rosie has been like this magnet; she’s attracting me to people and it’s good.»

Karen McCullough


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Karen McCullough


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Psychologist Lori Kogan, a professor of veterinary medicine at Colorado State University and chair of the Human-Animal Interaction Section of the American Psychological Association, has been cataloging stories like McCullough’s during the pandemic.

Kogan and colleagues from Washington State University, University of San Francisco and Palo Alto University did two anonymous online surveys via social media to current pet owners — one regarding cats and another asking about dogs. The surveys asked participants to share their thoughts, experiences and concerns amid the pandemic.

They found a significant number of people reported feeling they have less social support from friends and family now than before COVID-19 spread across the U.S. For many, their pets have played a critical role in helping reduce feelings of depression, anxiety, isolation and loneliness in these tough months.

Pets, Kogan says, are «a respite from the difficulties of life» and provide their human companions «an outlet to give.» And while relationships with friends and family can be fraught, she says, «relationships with animals are simple.»

Here are more stories of pet owners discovering animal companions can be the unsung therapists of these difficult times:

Get up and get moving: Dr. Gregory Brown and Kai

Dr. Gregory Brown is a psychiatrist in Austin, Texas, and a spokesperson for the American Psychiatric Association. Brown says he has been seeing an increase in anxiety, insomnia and depression among patients he has counseled in the past six months. «People are definitely dealing with economic stressors, a hard time with money, and with just being idle» — not getting out of the house much.

A dog «nudging at your foot or barking because they want to go for a walk» can be a real motivation every day to get out and get moving, he says. And that’s good emotionally as well as physically. «We know physical activity can help reduce depression.»

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Kai has kept Dr. Gregory Brown out and about with a 6:30 a.m. wake-up call … «when she’s not busy eating up my wife’s favorite pair of shoes.»

Gregory Brown


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Gregory Brown


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Enter Molly, a 5-year-old terrier mix who «came right into my home, was perfectly well-behaved, perfectly housebroken, and even welcomed my cat — who didn’t return the favor.»

For Kulberg, Molly was «like getting something you didn’t know you missed; you forgot how wonderful it was to have something you didn’t notice until all of a sudden it’s there again.»

She finds Molly an extremely comforting presence, «like having somebody’s arm around your shoulder without having to say anything. Sort of like a dance partner you don’t have to teach; they just figure it out.»

Today, Kulberg says she no longer feels alone. «I get up in the morning and Molly curls up in her bed and we go to work.»

A source of joy amid grief: Peggy Pacy & Emmet

«My glorious chow chow mix died at the end of January and I was heartbroken» says Peggy Pacy, who initially planned to let some time pass before getting another dog. But, «a heart needs to love,» she says, «and I started looking.»

At the end of February she adopted a large and fluffy Great Pyrenees mix — she named him Emmet. It was just before lockdown in Washington, D.C., where Pacy lives and works as an independent producer of commercials. Emmet arrived «just in time» says Pacy, who lives alone. «No question, it’s very easy to go down the dark path in the world we’re in today.»


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Early on in the pandemic, the first three minutes of every morning would start with a «mild panic» she says. But then a «giant white paw lands on my shoulder and I wonder if it is possible to literally feel serotonin,» she says, referring to one of the neurotransmitters thought to help stabilize mood.

Emmet spends much of his time chasing flies, unearthing clothing Pacy had forgotten she owned, and making friends with neighborhood kids — just watching him is diverting, she says. «All day long the kids drop by and yell for Emmet.»

Even in times of despair, Emmet makes a difference. «I’m standing in my front hall, lost in thought … wondering if I will ever work again, if my small business loan will be approved, if I will have to sell my house. And then, gazing in the direction of my couch, Emmet decides that a long slow back flip to the floor is in order.» His antics pierce the grief and remind her to stay in the moment, she says — » be grateful for what I have.»

Pacy has a Post-it on her door that says: «I have health insurance; my cabinets are full of food; I have a home; I have Emmet. This makes me happy.»

A new focus to replace anxiety: Devin Green and Taco

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Taco has kept Devin Green busy and her anxiety at bay. «I’m consumed with him more than the worries in my mind.»

Devin Green


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Devin Green


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«It’s of utmost importance to find the right pet according to the person’s personality, as well as personal circumstances and environment,» she says. «This means if you don’t have much time and you live in a very small apartment, a dog is not suitable for your lifestyle, and a cat, bird, rabbit or fish would be better for you.»

All pets — dogs, cats, fish, rabbits, birds, snakes and, yes, falcons — can help people overcome numerous emotional and physical challenges, Muller says. And certainly during the global pandemic, when people are feeling locked down, isolated and lacking in human connection, pets can make a world of difference.

Just playing with a pet for five minutes or petting the animal for five minutes can reduce blood pressure and increase hormones associated with contentment research suggests.

Oxytocin, sometimes called the «bonding hormone» or «cuddle hormone,» is often released with a gentle touch. And it’s not just humans who benefit from increased oxytocin levels — dogs do too.

When you develop a bond with an animal companion, Muller says, you often get someone who «loves you unconditionally, who is there for you 24 hours a day, who doesn’t mind how you look today,» she says. «They are just there to love you and this brings a tremendous benefit for the entire family.»

Withdrawn kids may particularly benefit. One family, she says, told her their son was always on the computer or iPad before they brought home a pet. Now he doesn’t stop talking — about the pet.

«Once you plant that seed in children and they love animals and learn how to care for them, they learn responsibility,» she says — skills that will prove incredibly valuable as they grow up.

  • animal behavior
  • anxiety
  • pet therapy
  • depression
  • dogs
  • pets

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